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Tea ceremony in Japan

The Japanese tea ceremony (茶道, sadō or chadō, "the way of tea" ) is a Japanese tradition marked in history. It is a ceremonial way of preparing and drinking green tea typically in a tatami floor(traditional tearoom).The concept behind the serving and drinking tea is to welcome the guest with hospitality.

Originally, tea was introduced to Japan around the 8th century from China and was drunk as a medicinal beverage among the upper class and priest or monks. The tea gained popularity among all the social classes during the Muromachi period and it still continues as a tradition nowadays.

The tea ceremony comes along with the Zen practice. The concept of Zen inspired simplicity and maintained the order of the state of one’s mind. The father of the modern way of making tea was Sen no Rikyu(1522-1591).His teaching and methods involved discipline and rustic simplicity.

According to history the tea was valued by Chinese monks to keep them awake during meditation. So when Japanese Buddhist monks traveled to China to study Buddhism, they learned about the green tea. They returned to Japan and they brought with them the green tea.

Eisai(1141-1215),the first Zen master in Japan brought the”Rinzai Zen”(One of the two main schools of Japanese Zen) along with the new way of making tea which was turning the green leaves into a powder and pouring it into hot water and whisk it. This way of making tea is still used nowadays. However the Zen Monk(Murata Shuko) was the one who established the tea ceremony by introducing the aesthetic concept of 侘び(simple and quite) and the spiritual practice.

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